CMV retinitis is an infection that attacks the light-sensing cells in the retina. It is a serious disease that should be diagnosed and treated immediately, because it can lead to loss of vision, and in the worst cases, blindness.

导致CMV视网膜炎的原因是什么?

CMV代表Cytomegalovirus。该病毒是人类感染的常见源,通常在身体中休眠而不会产生症状。虽然大多数人的免疫系统能够将其抵御,但免疫系统弱化;新生儿,老年人,接受化疗和器官移植接受者的人易受其影响。艾滋病毒或艾滋病(艾滋病(可获得的免疫缺乏综合症)的人中不太常见)who are taking抗逆转录病毒疗法,但仍然存在风险。CMV感染可以发生在身体的几个部位,最常见于胃肠系统和视网膜,眼睛背面的组织在视觉中必需。

病毒还可以在较弱免疫系统中的老年人的前额和鼻子上传播。

CMV视网膜炎的症状

Many people with CMV retinitis experience no symptoms. However, there are certain signs that may be indicative of the virus:

  • 漂浮物在眼中
  • 闪烁在眼睛里
  • Blurred vision
  • 视野中的盲点
  • Loss of peripheral vision

These symptoms may appear in one eye first, then to the other eye.CMV视网膜炎也可能发生视网膜脱离。

If you have a weakened immune system, you should have your eyes examined regularly to help identify any eye health issues early.

Treatment for CMV Retinitis

A person with a weakened immune system experiencing any of the above listed signs should see their eye care professional as soon as possible. The first step may be strengthening your immune system.

有几种药物旨在最大限度地减少CMV视网膜炎的影响。你越早开始治疗,可以帮助愿景的更好机会。此外,如果只感染一只眼睛,早期接受适当的全身治疗可能会保护另一只眼睛,

Medication (oral, injected or intravenous):Used to slow the progression of the disease.

激光手术:To strengthen the retina, if damaged.

如果您患有CMV视网膜炎,则应定期检查眼睛,以帮助识别任何眼睛健康问题,因为复发是常见的。


NPR.0437.USA.17

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